Osteoporosis: symptoms, treatment and prevention

While there’s no cure for osteoporosis, treatment is available that can help protect and strengthen your bones. If you’re diagnosed with osteoporosis after fracturing a bone, the first step will be to treat the fracture itself. But after that, you can begin looking at how to reduce the risk of further fractures occurring in the future.

There are steps you can take yourself, like getting more exercise, eating well, and making lifestyle changes. But there are also several treatments that are available that can help slow the breakdown of bone in your body, or even encourage the growth of new bone.

The most common drugs used to treat osteoporosis are called bisphosphonates, which can help to prevent the loss of bone mass. Bisphosphonates include alendronate, ibandronate, risedronate, and zoledronic acid.

Other medications that are used to treat osteoporosis include:

Testosterone. For men, testosterone therapy can help boost bone density. If you think you might have low testosterone, it’s worth reading our article here on how to boost it.

Hormone therapy. For women, oestrogen therapy can help stop bone density loss. However, oestrogen therapy has also been linked to an increased risk of blood clots, heart disease, and cancer. To find out more, you might want to read our article; HRT explained.

Raloxifene. This medication can provide the benefits of oestrogen without most of the risks. However, there’s still an increased risk of blood clots.

Denosumab. An injected drug that may be even better than bisphosphonates at reducing bone loss.

Teriparatide. Another injected drug that can stimulate bone growth.

Once you’ve been diagnosed with osteoporosis, your GP will work with you to determine the best course of treatment for you. Treatment plans are often based on an estimate of the risk of breaking a bone in the next 10 years, which is determined by a bone density test. If your risk is low, treatment might forgo any mediation and focus on reducing risk factors for bone loss and falls.

There are also steps you can take at home to prevent falls and reduce the risk of fracture. Wearing non-slip shoes, cleaning up spills right away, removing rugs and slippery surfaces, and making sure floors are free from clutter, cords, or wires is also an important step you can take to protect your bones. Making sure your home is brightly lit, and installing grab bars in and out of the shower can also be very beneficial.

If you feel worried about living with osteoporosis, it’s important to speak to your GP or a health practitioner, as they should be able to answer any questions you have and help alleviate some concerns. You might also want to speak to a counsellor or psychologist, or other people who are living with osteoporosis.

To find out if there are any local support groups near you, head over to the Royal Osteoporosis Society. You might also want to read this article about how 62-year-old Judi Paxton beat osteoporosis. 

Author: wpadmin

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